Oral Literature in Africa (World Oral Literature)

Ruth Finnegan's Oral Literature in Africa was once first released in 1970, and because then has been generally praised as probably the most vital books in its box. in line with years of fieldwork, the examine lines the heritage of storytelling around the continent of Africa. This revised version makes Finnegan's ground-breaking learn on hand to the following iteration of students. It contains a new advent, extra photos and an up to date bibliography, in addition to its unique chapters on poetry, prose, "drum language" and drama, and an summary of the social, linguistic and historic history of oral literature in Africa. This publication is the 1st quantity on this planet Oral Literature sequence, an ongoing collaboration among OBP and global Oral Literature undertaking. A loose on-line archive of recordings and images that Finnegan made in the course of her fieldwork within the past due Sixties is hosted by means of the area Oral Literature venture (http://www.oralliterature.org/collections/rfinnegan001.html) and will even be accessed from publisher's web site.

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Cro-Magnon: How the Ice Age Gave Birth to the First Modern Humans

They survived through their wits in a snowbound international, looking, and occasionally being hunted by means of, animals again and again their dimension. via flickering firelight, they drew bison, deer, and mammoths on cavern partitions- bright photos that grab our imaginations after thirty thousand years. they're recognized to archaeologists because the Cro-Magnons-but who have been they? easily placed, those humans have been one of the first anatomically smooth people. For millennia, their hunter-gatherer tradition flourished in small wallet throughout Ice Age Europe, the far-off forerunner to the civilization we are living in now.

Bestselling writer Brian Fagan brings those early people out of the deep freeze together with his trademark mixture of erudition, state-of-the-art technological know-how, and vibrant storytelling. Cro-Magnon unearths human society in its infancy, dealing with huge, immense environmental demanding situations from glaciers, predators, and a rival species of humans-the Neanderthals. Cro-Magnon captures the adaptability that has made people an unrivaled good fortune as a species. dwelling on a frozen continent with in simple terms crude instruments, Ice Age people survived and thrived. In those pages, we meet our such a lot impressive ancestors.

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Corpse: Nature, Forensics, And The Struggle To Pinpoint Time Of Death

When detectives come across a homicide sufferer, there is something they need to understand chiefly else: while did the sufferer die? the reply can slender a bunch of suspects, make or holiday an alibi, even assign a reputation to an unidentified physique. yet outdoors the fictitious international of homicide mysteries, time-of-death determinations have remained infamously elusive, bedeviling legal investigators all through background. Armed with an array of high-tech units and checks, the world's top forensic pathologists are doing their top to shift the stability, yet as Jessica Snyder Sachs demonstrates so eloquently in Corpse, this can be a case within which nature may simply trump expertise: vegetation, chemical compounds, and bugs chanced on close to the physique are starting to be the fiercest guns in our crime-fighting arsenal. during this hugely unique e-book, Sachs accompanies an eccentric crew of entomologists, anthropologists, biochemists, and botanists--a new form of organic "Mod Squad"--on a few of their grisliest, such a lot intractable situations. She additionally takes us into the court docket, the place "post-O.J." forensic technology as a complete is coming lower than hearth and the recent multidisciplinary paintings of forensic ecology is suffering to set up its credibility. Corpse is the interesting tale of the 2000year seek to pinpoint time of dying. it's also the negative and lovely tale of what occurs to bodies after we die.

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Confronting the Present: Towards a Politically Engaged Anthropology (Global Issues Series)

Anthropologists examine other folks and fear approximately it. some time past this took the shape of a pro wish to make our politics constantly in different places and to do with folks characterised as in a roundabout way diverse from ourselves. Now distances scale back and previous kinds of distinction soften as worldwide forces provide upward thrust to new strategies of differentiation and new probabilities for political collectivities. How does this have an effect on the best way we would layout a politically appropriate anthropology?

This publication examines those issues in gentle of the author's shift from the examine of fairly far-off humans to humans and areas towards domestic – a pattern to be came across in the self-discipline as an entire. How may still anthropology reply to this variation, because it more and more unearths itself in stamping grounds the place different disciplines are already well-entrenched? How will paintings being performed in anthropology intersect with that during different disciplines? Will anthropologists have whatever to supply debates which were ongoing in those different disciplines, corresponding to these in terms of social citizenship and collective identification, regionalism and the structure of house and position, hegemony and resistance, political association and cultural expression? Conversely, what can anthropologists study from the way in which different disciplines formulate those concerns and problems?

Written to impress dialogue, this well timed e-book goals to begin a discussion not just with anthropologists, but additionally with these in similar disciplines who proportion a priority with humans, politics and modernity. in addition to anthropologists, the problems it tackles could be of curiosity to geographers, economists, political scientists, social historians and sociologists.

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Argonauts of the Western Pacific

By Bronislaw Malinowski

The founding record of monetary anthropology! Bronislaw Malinowski, one of many all-time nice anthropologists of the realm, had a expertise for bringing jointly in unmarried comprehension the nice and cozy truth of human dwelling with the cool abstractions of technological know-how. His pages became a virtually vital hyperlink among the realizing of unique and distant individuals with theoretical wisdom approximately humankind. This volume--originally released in 1922--can be thought of the founding rfile of monetary anthropology, and continues to be the simplest one to learn. It emphasizes the good value of primitive economics via singling out the remarkable alternate approach of the Trobriand Islands for exact attention. even if the most topic is financial, consistent reference is made during this milestone of anthropological study and interpretation to social association, lifestyles and which means, the facility of magic, and to mythology and folklore.

identify of comparable curiosity additionally to be had from Waveland Press: Malinowski, Magic, technological know-how and faith and different Essays (ISBN 9780881336573.

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L'Enigme du don

By Maurice Godelier

Pourquoi doit-on donner, pourquoi doit-on accepter ce que l'on vous donne, et, quand on a accepté, pourquoi faut-il rendre?

Cet ouvrage évalue le rôle et l'importance du don dans le fonctionnement des sociétés et dans los angeles structure du lien social.

Le terrain, bien entendu, n'était pas vierge: Marcel Mauss, le most popular, l'avait défriché allant jusqu'à avancer l'idée que si les choses données sont rendues c'est qu'il y a dans l. a. selected donnée un esprit qui l. a. pousse à revenir entre les mains de son donateur originaire. L'hypothèse valut à Mauss los angeles critique sévère de Claude Lévi-Strauss, qui lui reprocha d'avoir pris une théorie indigène pour une théorie scientifique et d'avoir manqué de reconnaître pleinement le fait que los angeles société humaine entière est échange et que pour en comprendre le sens il faut partir du symbolique et de sa primauté sur l'imaginaire et le réel.

La point of view générale adoptée par Maurice Godelier renouvelle profondément notre compréhension du don. Il examine en effet les choses qu'on donne ou celles qu'on vend à partir des choses qu'on ne donne pas ou ne vend pas, des choses qu'on garde et que l'on doit garder, au leading rang desquelles les objets sacrés. Réanalysant les pratiques du potlatch et du kula sur lesquelles Mauss s'était appuyé, il montre que les énigmes auxquelles Mauss a été confronté se dissipent lorsque l'on comprend qu'il est tout à l. a. fois attainable de donner un objet et de le garder. Ce qui est donné, c'est le droit d'en consumer pour d'autres dons, ce qui est gardé c'est l. a. propriété, inaliénable. Mais il faut encore expliquer pourquoi cette règle de droit s'applique aux objets précieux qu'on donne et non aux objets sacrés qu'on garde. los angeles selected s'éclaire lorsqu'on fait apparaître ce qui est enfoui dans l'objet, l'imaginaire associé au pouvoir.

Il apparaît donc que toute société renferme deux ensembles de réalités: les unes, soustraites à l'échange, aux dons, au marché, constituent autant de aspect fixes nécessaires pour que les autres circulent. Et c'est précisément l. a. redéfinition des ancrages fondamentaux du fait social qui constitue los angeles tâche majeure de l. a. pensée politique aujourd'hui.

Ancien directeur scientifique du Département des sciences de l'homme et de l. a. société du CNRS, Prix overseas Alexander von Humboldt en sciences sociales, Maurice Godelier est directeur d'études à l'EHESS où il dirige le Centre de recherche et de documentation sur l'Océanie. Il a publié deux livres chez Fayard: l. a. creation des Grands Hommes (1982), qui a reçu le Prix de l'Académie française, et L'Idéel et le matériel: Pensée, économies, sociétés (1984).

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History of Structuralism, Volume 2: The Sign Sets 1967-Present

By François Dosse

Claude Lévi-Strauss, Roland Barthes, Jacques Lacan, Louis Althusser, Jacques Derrida, and Michel Foucault—the rules of this crew of French intellectuals who propounded structuralism and poststructuralism have had a profound impression on disciplines starting from literary concept to sociology, from anthropology to philosophy, from historical past to psychoanalysis. during this long-awaited translation, background of Structuralism examines the thinkers who made up the stream, supplying a desirable elucidation of a imperative element of postwar highbrow history.

François Dosse tells the tale of structuralism from its beginnings in postwar Paris, a urban ruled by way of the towering determine of Jean-Paul Sartre. The paintings of Saussure turned the purpose of departure for a gaggle of more youthful students, and the end result was once not just the doom of Sartre as highbrow chief however the beginning of a circulation that might come to reconfigure French highbrow lifestyles and may ultimately reverberate in the course of the Western world.

Dosse offers a readable, intelligible total account, person who exhibits the interrelationship one of the critical currents of structuralism and situates them in context. Dosse illuminates the best way advancements in what tend to be specified fields got here to exert such impression on one another, exhibiting how the early structuralists prepared the ground for later advancements and for fresh discourses reminiscent of postmodernism. the solid of characters comparable by means of Dosse contains these pointed out above in addition to Roman Jakobson, Julia Kristeva, Pierre Bourdieu, Gilles Deleuze, Félix Guattari, Tzvetan Todorov, and so on. Chapters are dedicated to significant figures, and Dosse has performed huge interviews with the main and minor figures of the flow, furnishing an highbrow background within which ancient gamers glance again on the period.

This first entire historical past of the structuralist move is an important consultant to an immense second within the improvement of twentieth-century concept, one who offers a cogent map to a dizzying array of personalities and their principles. it will likely be compelling examining for these drawn to philosophy, literary idea, sociology, anthropology, linguistics, and psychoanalysis.

First released in French as Histoire du structuralisme, Éditions los angeles Découverte, Paris, 1991, 1992

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