How to Think About Weird Things: Critical Thinking for a New Age

By Theodore Schick

This concise and interesting textual content teaches the fundamental rules of excellent reasoning via an exam of largely held ideals concerning the paranormal, the supernatural, and the mysterious. through explaining what distinguishes wisdom from opinion, technology from pseudoscience, and proof from rumour, How to consider bizarre Things is helping the reader increase the talents had to inform the genuine from the fake and the moderate from the unreasonable.

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Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge, Volume 4: Proceedings of the International Colloquium in the Philosophy of Science

By Imre Lakatos, Alan Musgrave

Imre Lakatos, Alan Musgrave. Criticism and the expansion of Knowledge: lawsuits of the overseas Colloquium within the Philosophy of technological know-how. Cambridge college Press, 3d impact 1974 [Repr. 1995]. 288 Pages
ISBN 0-521-09623-5 paperback

Book Description
Two books were fairly influential in modern philosophy of technology: Karl R. Popper's common sense of medical Discovery, and Thomas S. Kuhn's constitution of clinical Revolutions. either agree upon the significance of revolutions in technology, yet range concerning the position of feedback in science's progressive development. This quantity arose out of a symposium on Kuhn's paintings, with Popper within the chair, at a global colloquium held in London in 1965. The booklet starts with Kuhn's assertion of his place by means of seven essays delivering feedback and research, and at last via Kuhn's answer. The publication will curiosity senior undergraduates and graduate scholars of the philosophy and heritage of technology, in addition to expert philosophers, philosophically prone scientists, and a few psychologists and sociologists.
Editorial Reviews
'An attention-grabbing and important choice of papers.' - Nature
'This publication is an engaging instance of philosophical debate approximately concerns which should still curiosity any historian of technology considering medical procedure and the philosophy of clinical change.' - Philosophy of Science
"An very important number of major papers." - American Scientist

Previous Editions: First released 1970. Reprinted with corrections 1972, 1974 (3d Impression). Reprinted 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989,1990,1992, 1993, 1994, 1995.

Uploader Note: a six hundred dpi test (upscale from three hundred optical); textual content layer, bookmarks; pages numbered. This dossier is first time at the Internet.

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Who Knows?: A Study of Religious Consciousness

By Raymond M. Smullyan

Is there rather a God, and if this is the case, what's God truly like? Is there an afterlife, and if this is the case, is there this sort of factor as everlasting punishment for unrepentant sinners, as many orthodox Christians and Muslims think? And is it rather real that our subconscious minds are hooked up to the next non secular fact, and if that is so, may well this better religious fact be the exact same factor that religionists name "God"? In his most modern publication, Raymond M. Smullyan invitations the reader to discover a few attractive and a few terrible principles relating to non secular and mystical notion. partially One, Smullyan makes use of the writings on faith by way of fellow polymath Martin Gardner because the start line for a few encouraged rules approximately faith and trust. half specializes in the doctrine of Hell and its justification, with Smullyan providing robust arguments on either side of the debate. "If God requested you to vote at the retention or abolition of Hell," he asks, "how may you vote?" Smullyan has posed this query to many believers and obtained a few awesome solutions. within the final a part of his treasurable triptych, Smullyan takes up the "beautiful and encouraging" rules of Richard Bucke and Edward chippie on Cosmic recognition. Readers will relish Smullyan’s observations on faith and in his clear-eyed
presentation of many new and startling principles approximately this so much amazing manufactured from human consciousness.

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Mindbenders and Brainteasers: Where Maths Meets Creative Thinking

Here is an impossible to resist collection of a hundred maddening mindbenders and curious conundrums, outdated and new. those marvelous brainteasers variety from the well lateral to the downright complicated. From slicing the chocolate to crossing the moat, mystifying matchsticks and a teasing typewriter, Mindbenders and Brainteasers offers many hours of mind-stretching amusement for even the main agile brains.

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Introduction to Logic

Introduction to Logic combines most probably the broadest scope of any good judgment textbook to be had with transparent, concise writing and engaging examples and arguments.  Its key good points, all retained within the moment variation, include:

• simpler how you can attempt arguments than these to be had in competing textbooks, together with the megastar attempt for syllogisms
• a vast scope of fabrics, making it compatible for introductory good judgment classes (as the first textual content) or intermediate periods (as the first or supplementary book)
• engaging and easy-to-understand examples and arguments, drawn from lifestyle in addition to from the good philosophers
• a suitability for self-study and for practise for standardized exams, just like the LSAT
• a moderate cost (a 3rd of the price of many competitors)
• exercises that correspond to the LogiCola application, that could be downloaded at no cost from the web.

This Second Edition also:

• arranges chapters in a extra precious manner for college students, beginning with the simplest fabric after which steadily expanding in difficulty
• provides an excellent broader scope with new chapters at the background of good judgment, deviant common sense, and the philosophy of logic
• expands the part on casual fallacies
• includes a extra exhaustive index and a brand new appendix on steered extra readings
• updates the LogiCola tutorial software, that's now extra visually appealing in addition to more straightforward to obtain, set up, replace, and use.

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Logic Primer - 2nd Edition

By Colin Allen

Logic Primer presents a rigorous creation to traditional deduction structures of sentential and first-order good judgment. The textual content is designed to foster the student-instructor dating. the most important techniques are specified by concise definitions and reviews, with the expectancy that the trainer will complex upon them. New to the second one version is the addition of fabric at the good judgment of identification in chapters three and four. An cutting edge interactive site, which include a "Logic Daemon" and a "Quizmaster," encourages scholars to formulate their very own proofs and hyperlinks them to suitable causes within the book.

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Agency and Deontic Logic

By John F. Horty

John Horty successfully develops deontic good judgment (the common sense of moral techniques like legal responsibility and permission) opposed to the history of a proper concept of enterprise. He contains convinced parts of choice concept to set out a brand new deontic account of what brokers should do below numerous stipulations over prolonged sessions of time. supplying a conceptual instead of technical emphasis, Horty's framework permits a couple of fresh concerns from ethical conception to be set out basically and mentioned from a uniform element of view.

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What is Mathematical Logic? (Dover Books on Mathematics)

Although mathematical common sense could be a formidably abstruse subject, even for mathematicians, this concise booklet provides the topic in a full of life and approachable style. It bargains with the vitally important principles in glossy mathematical common sense with out the targeted mathematical paintings required of these with a certified curiosity in logic.
The ebook starts with a historic survey of the advance of mathematical common sense from parallel streams: formal deduction, which originated with Aristotle, Euclid, and others; and mathematical research, which dates again to Archimedes within the comparable period. The streams started to converge within the 17th century with the discovery of the calculus, which eventually introduced arithmetic and common sense jointly. The authors then in brief point out how such quite glossy innovations as set idea, Gödel's incompleteness theorems, the continuum speculation, the Löwenheim-Skolem theorem, and different principles motivated mathematical logic.
The principles are set forth easily and obviously in a delightful kind, and regardless of the book's relative brevity, there's a lot coated on those pages. Nonmathematicians can learn the publication as a normal survey; scholars of the topic will locate it a stimulating creation. Readers also will locate feedback for additional interpreting during this energetic and intriguing sector of recent mathematics.

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