The Dark Box: A Secret History of Confession

By John Cornwell

Confession is a vital ritual of the Catholic Church, supplying absolution of sin and non secular counsel to the trustworthy. but this old sacrament has additionally been a resource of controversy and oppression, culminating, as prize-winning historian John Cornwell finds in The darkish Box, with the scandal of clerical baby abuse. Drawing on wide old assets, modern stories, and first-hand money owed, Cornwell takes a difficult examine the lengthy evolution of confession.

The papacy made annual, one-on-one confession compulsory for the 1st time within the thirteenth century. within the period that undefined, confession used to be a resource of religious comfort in addition to sexual and mercenary scandal. throughout the sixteenth century, the Church brought the confession field to avoid sexual solicitation of girls, yet this deepest area gave upward thrust to new sorts of temptation, either for penitents and confessors. but no section within the tale of the sacrament has had such drastic results as a old decree by way of Pope Pius X in 1910. In response to the non secular perils of the recent century, Pius sought to guard the Catholic trustworthy through decreasing the age at which teenagers made their first confession from their early children to seven, whereas exhorting all Catholics to admit often rather than each year. This sweeping, inappropriately early imposition of the sacrament gave monks an exceptional and privileged function within the lives of younger boys and girls—a function major quantity might make the most within the many years that followed.

A much-needed account of confession’s fraught historical past, The darkish Box explores the assets of the sacrament’s damage and disgrace, whereas spotting its carrying on with energy to provide comfort and reconciliation.

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An Uncommon Friendship: From Opposite Sides of the Holocaust

By Bernat Rosner

In 1944, 13-year-old Fritz Tubach was once virtually sufficiently old to affix the Hitler adolescence in his German village of Kleinheubach. that very same 12 months in Tab, Hungary, 12-year-old Bernie Rosner used to be loaded onto a educate with the remainder of the village’s Jewish population and brought to Auschwitz, the place his entire relatives used to be murdered. decades later, after having fun with winning lives in California, they met, turned buddies, and determined to proportion their intimate story—that of 2 boys trapped in evil and harmful instances, who turned males with the liberty to build their very own destiny, with one another and the realm. In a brand new epilogue, the authors proportion how the booklet of the booklet replaced their lives and the lives of the numerous humans they've got met due to publishing their story.

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Dionysius the Areopagite and the Neoplatonist Tradition: Despoiling the Hellenes (Ashgate Studies in Philosophy and Theology in Late Antiquity)

'Dionysius the Areopagite' is arguably essentially the most mysterious and fascinating figures to emerge from the overdue vintage global. Writing most likely round 500 CE, and doubtless hooked up with the circle of Severus of Antioch, Dionysius manipulates a Platonic metaphysics to explain a hierarchical universe: as with the Hellenic Platonists, he arranges the celestial and fabric cosmos right into a sequence of triadic strata. those strata emanate from one unified being and comprise beings that diversity from stronger to inferior, reckoning on their proximity to God. not just do all issues within the hierarchy perform God, but in addition all issues are inter-connected, in order that the reduce hierarchies absolutely perform the better ones. This metaphysics lends itself to a sacramental process just like that of the Hellenic ritual, theurgy. Theurgy permits people to arrive the divine by way of reading the divine because it exists in creation.

Although Dionysius' metaphysics and faith are just like that of Iamblichus and Proclus in lots of methods, Pseudo-Dionysius differs essentially in his use of an ecclesiastical cosmos, instead of that of the Platonic Timaean cosmos of the Hellenes. This booklet discusses the Christian Platonist's model of Hellenic metaphysics, language, and non secular ritual. whereas Dionysius basically works in the Hellenic culture, he innovates to combine Hellenic and Christian thought.

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The Rise and Fall of Anglo-America

As the 2000 census resoundingly validated, the Anglo-Protestant ethnic center of the us has all yet dissolved. In a rustic based and settled via their ancestors, British Protestants now make up lower than a 5th of the inhabitants. This demographic shift has spawned a "culture conflict" inside of white the USA. whereas liberals search to diversify society towards a sophisticated endpoint, a few conservatives try to take care of an American ethno-national id. Eric Kaufmann lines the roots of this tradition struggle from the increase of WASP the USA after the Revolution to its fall within the Nineteen Sixties, while social associations eventually started to replicate the nation's ethnic composition.

Kaufmann starts off his account presently after independence, while white Protestants with an Anglo-Saxon fantasy of descent validated themselves because the dominant American ethnic crew. yet from the past due Nineties to the Thirties, liberal and cosmopolitan ideological currents inside of white Anglo-Saxon Protestant the United States fixed a strong problem to WASP hegemony. This fight opposed to ethnic dominance was once fixed now not by way of subaltern immigrant teams yet by means of Anglo-Saxon reformers, particularly Jane Addams and John Dewey. It amassed social strength via the Twenties, suffering opposed to WASP dominance and reaching institutional step forward within the overdue Nineteen Sixties, whilst the US actually started to combine ethnic minorities into mainstream culture.

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On Hinduism

By Wendy Doniger

During this magisterial quantity of essays, Wendy Doniger complements our figuring out of the traditional and complicated faith to which she has dedicated herself for part a century. This sequence of interconnected essays and lectures surveys the main severely very important and hotly contested concerns in Hinduism over 3,500 years, from the traditional time of the Vedas to the current day.

The essays give some thought to the character of Hinduism; Hindu options of divinity; attitudes referring to gender, keep an eye on, and hope; the query of fact and phantasm; and the impermanent and the everlasting within the nice Sanskrit epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. one of the questions Doniger considers are: Are Hindus monotheists or polytheists? How can atheists be Hindu, and the way can unrepentant Hindu sinners locate salvation? Why have Hindus dedicated quite a bit consciousness to the psychology of dependancy? What does the importance of canine and cows let us know approximately Hinduism? How have Hindu options of loss of life, rebirth, and karma replaced over the process heritage? How and why does a pluralistic religion, impressive for its highbrow tolerance, foster non secular intolerance?

Doniger concludes with 4 concise autobiographical essays during which she displays on her life of scholarship, Hindu feedback of her paintings, and the effect of Hinduism on her personal philosophy of lifestyles. On Hinduism is the fruits of over 40 years of scholarship from a well known professional on one of many world's nice faiths.

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Religious Dissent in the Roman Empire: Violence in Judaea at the Time of Nero (Routledge Monographs in Classical Studies)

Religious Dissent within the Roman Empire is the 3rd installment in Vasily Rudich’s trilogy at the psychology of discontent within the Roman Empire on the time of Nero. in contrast to his prior books, it offers no longer with political dissidence, yet with spiritual dissent, specifically in its violent shape. opposed to the vast historical past of moment Temple Judaism and Judaea’s historical past lower than Rome’s rule, Rudich discusses a variety of manifestations of spiritual dissent as detailed from the mainstream ideals and directed opposed to either the international occupier and the priestly institution. This booklet bargains the methodological framework for the research of the spiritual dissent mind-set, which it considers a recurrent old phenomenon that could play a tremendous function in numerous classes and cultures. during this admire, its findings also are appropriate to the increase of spiritual violence on the earth this present day and supply extra insights into its continual causes and paradigms. Religious Dissent within the Roman Empire is a vital examine for individuals drawn to Roman and Jewish historical past, spiritual psychology and non secular extremism, cultural interplay and the roots of violence.

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Religion and the Rise of Capitalism

By R.H. Tawney

in a single of the actually nice classics of twentieth-century political economic climate, R. H. Tawney addresses the query of the way faith has affected social and monetary practices. He does this by way of a constant monitoring of the impression of spiritual proposal on capitalist financial system and beliefs because the center a while. In so doing he sheds mild on why Christianity maintains to exert a different position available to buy. In so doing, the publication deals an incisive research of the ancient historical past of current morals and mores in Western culture.

faith and the increase of Capitalism is much more pertinent now than whilst it first used to be released; for at the present time it truly is clearer that the dividing line among spheres of faith and secular enterprise is moving, that fiscal pursuits and moral issues are not any longer correctly locked in separate cubicles.  

by way of reading that interval which observed the transition from medieval to trendy theories of social association, Tawney clarifies the main urgent difficulties of the tip of the century. In tricky, muscular, richly diversified prose, he tells an soaking up and significant tale. And in his new advent, that could good be a vintage in its personal correct, Adam Seligman info Tawney's complete heritage, the present prestige of social technology inspiration on those huge matters, and a comparative research of Tawney with Max Weber that may right now satisfaction and tell readers of all kinds.

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David and Solomon: In Search of the Bible's Sacred Kings and the Roots of the Western Tradition

By Israel Finkelstein, Neil Asher Silberman

The interesting box of biblical archaeology has revolutionized our knowing of the Bible - and nobody has performed extra to popularise this giant shop of data than Israel Finkelstein and Neil Silberman, who printed what we now learn about while and why the Bible used to be first written in "The Bible Unearthed". Now, with "David and Solomon", they do not anything below aid us to appreciate the sacred kings and founding fathers of western civilization. David and his son Solomon are well-known within the Bible for his or her warrior prowess, mythical loves, knowledge, poetry, conquests, and bold development programmes. but due to archaeology's staggering reveals, we now recognize that almost all of those tales are myths. Finkelstein and Silberman exhibit us that the historic David was once a bandit chief in a tiny back-water referred to as Jerusalem, and the way - via wars, conquests and epic tragedies just like the exile of the Jews within the centuries ahead of Christ and the later Roman conquest - David and his successor have been reshaped into amazing kings or even messiahs, symbols of wish to Jews and Christians alike in instances of strife and depression and types for the nice kings of Europe. A landmark paintings of analysis and lucid scholarship via tremendous luminaries, "David and Solomon" recasts the very genesis of western historical past in an entire new gentle.

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Blown for Good: Behind the Iron Curtain of Scientology

By Marc Headley

Nominated through Foreword journal as 2009 publication of the 12 months Award Finalist. Marc Headley offers an insider's view of lifestyles as a member of Scientology's "Sea Organization". Marc labored at Scientology's mystery barren region compound, which homes all Scientology administration, for 15 years. the five hundred acre estate is found deep within the California desolate tract. The neighborhood townspeople have been informed lectures and movies have been made there. yet is that every one that was once occurring? it's the situation of a multi-million buck domestic for L. Ron Hubbard, equipped 20 years after his demise. it's the domestic of Scientology's present chief, David Miscavige. So what rather occurs on the Int Base? Are the tales on the net actual? How does Scientology behavior administration of its everyday operations? may possibly tales of armed guards, guns, employees beatings, and razor cord fences be real? if this is the case, how may perhaps a facility like this exist in modern-day the US? hundreds of thousands of employees attempted to flee through the years. a few succeeded yet have been by no means obvious or heard of back, so much failed. Why have been humans stored right here? What quite went on on the headquarters of Scientology? this is often the tale of what occurred in the back of the Iron Curtain of Scientology. "...the Scientology cult, is I warrantly you, 1000 instances more odd than you may have ever imagined." the toilet & Ken exhibit, KFI AM 640 "Headley's ebook additionally presents beautiful fabric that has hardly been gathered in a single place... a damning account of lifestyles operating for Scientology chief David Miscavige on the secretive barren region base..." Tony Ortega, The Village Voice "...a new publication exposing alleged information about not only Scientology -- yet Tom Cruise's organization with the church -- is available..." The Washington submit "Marc Headley , a former insider on the church, has written a tell-all publication, known as Blown for solid, approximately his 15 years of labor with Scientology. And folks...you can't deal with the truth..." The Frisky "

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